Agriculture has existed since prehistoric times, and then it has become one of the most important key factors affecting today’s global economy. In the early days, when people switched from hunting to harvesting, due to lack of equipment, they probably all cultivated with their bare hands. As technological advances such as transportation have paved the way for the transportation of agricultural products around the world, leading to increased demand, agriculture technology and machinery have been developed to improve production efficiency and profitability.
This is because the current methods cannot be sustained for a long time due to widespread problems such as soil fertility decline, soil erosion, drought, and super pests. Many innovative companies have also been using agricultural technology to make agriculture sustainable, and recognize that this sector plays a vital role in the new economy.
So what exactly is agriculture? It involves growing crops or animals for food or for other purposes to sustain life. Agriculture is a key factor in the development of human civilization. In the past, almost every member of the family worked on the farm and, due to lack of skills, required high-intensity work. Harvested agricultural products are only enough for one family to support. Initially, farmers would plow the land with livestock and plant seeds by hand.
With the advancement in agriculture technology and the invention of steam engines, they replaced the horses or cattle that were used to pull agricultural equipment, thus increasing efficiency.
With the development of agriculture technology, farmers bought new breeding equipment to reduce costs and increase productivity. Today, there is agricultural equipment suitable for all types of agriculture in any climate, and these machines continue to develop.
Agriculture is still important today for several reasons. It is widely regarded as the key to feeding about 9 billion people worldwide by 2050 and will also help increase employment opportunities.
Sustainable agriculture can be a solution to prevent an imminent food crisis.
Price fluctuations and high food prices will lead to a food crisis, putting food production and agricultural growth back on the development agenda.
Savory and Smith both developed agricultural models based on natural systems. Smith pioneered the development of 3D restorative marine agriculture; this agricultural model aims to mitigate climate change, restore marine ecosystems, and create jobs for fishermen while ensuring that communities receive healthy local food.
Several other companies are using agriculture technology to prevent food crises. According to The Economist, the products and services that these companies are developing will help greatly to increase the production and quality of food.
Agriculture Sustainable will be able to create jobs in the new economy
According to Akinwumi Adesina, President of the African Development Bank, compared to other sectors, the capacity of the agricultural sector to create jobs and reduce poverty in Africa is much more than the capacity of other sectors.
In essence, agriculture technology can help countries achieve economic diversification, reduce dependence on food imports, increase employment opportunities, and revitalize rural areas.
A quick view in future
In the United States, although farm incomes and export opportunities have always been high, the population of rural areas has been declining. If this situation continues, these regions will lose economic stability and many national assets.
However, if the trend is reversed successfully, the entire economy can benefit from long-term growth. The field will also prosper. As a result, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is investing in areas of discernible agricultural growth opportunities; These include supporting new ranchers and farmers, local and regional food systems, the economy, and investing in agriculture technology.
Modern agriculture technology enables farmers to harvest larger areas of land. The most common and oldest agricultural machinery used to harvest crops in fertile soil is a tractor. In the initial stage, tractors are used for simple operations, such as plowing the field, pulling the equipment into fertile soil to level it for agriculture, and even sowing.
With the development of more complex agriculture technology, tractors can now do things that were not possible before. Some tractors are now equipped with GPS systems to guide users. In addition, some have automatic steering functions, which can help farmers save fuel and reduce costs. Many other devices have been developed and can be connected to tractors to help different agricultural processes.
In short, countries must pay more attention to their agricultural sector. More than 70% of farmers in Africa, which is currently leading the Fourth Industrial Revolution, use information and communication technologies. In addition, it is estimated that by 2030, the net value of its agricultural and agribusiness enterprises will reach US$1 trillion.
This highlights the need for other countries to impose agriculture technology, as it can help reduce food imports and increase employment opportunities for their citizens, as well as improve their economic conditions in general.